What's Gestational Diabetes (GDM) ?
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. It is diagnosed when higher than normal blood glucose levels first appear during pregnancy. Between 5% to 8% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes and this usually occurs around the 24th to 28th week of pregnancy.
You are at risk of developing gestational diabetes if any of the following is present :
- Previous Gestational diabetes
- Previously elevated blood glucose level
- Maternal age ≥40 years
- Family history DM (1st degree relative with diabetes or a sister with GDM)
- BMI > 35 kg/m2
- Previous baby with increased birth weight
- Ethnicity: Asian, Indian subcontinent, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, Pacific
Islander, Maori, Middle Eastern, non‐white African : BMI 25 – 35 kg/m2